Nutritional labeling of food has become a mandatory rule for many years, but recently the European Commission has recommended that more attention be paid to this issue. In previous issues of our magazine, we referred to the latest provisions. We return to something more applied, targeting dairy products.
General principles of the European Directive
The rules on the nutrition labeling of dairy products are contained, like all other categories of food, in Directive 90/496 / EEC . The European normative act refers to the nutritional labeling of food products delivered as such to the final consumer and other collective catering operators (restaurants, canteen hospitals, etc.).
The Directive does not apply to natural mineral waters , other waters intended for human consumption or food supplements.
Nutrition labeling is optional, but becomes mandatory when a nutrition claim appears on the label, in a presentation, or on a product advertisement.
The only permitted nutritional claims are those relating to energy value and nutrients (protein, carbohydrates, lipids, fiber, sodium, vitamins and minerals listed in the Annex to the Directive), as well as those substances which belong to or are components of one of the categories of substances. nutrients provided.
The information presented on the nutrition label falls into either group 1 or group 2 in the following order:
Group 1: amounts of protein, carbohydrates and lipids; energetic value.
Group 2: energy value and quantity of proteins, carbohydrates, sugars, lipids, saturated fatty acids, fiber and sodium.
If a nutrition claim is made for sugars, saturated fatty acids, fiber or sodium, the information given is as given in group 2.