Functional foods that contain probiotic bacteria (lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria) are gaining more and more popularity around the world due to the enormous health benefits provided by these bacteria. Probiotic dairy drinks are fluid dairy products that contain probiotic microorganisms, being obtained from milk, milk and whey or just whey. In order to be more easily accepted by consumers, these drinks are obtained in the fruit-flavored version by adding juice, pulp or fruit flour.
Microorganisms and probiotic foods
Probiotics are living microorganisms that reach the gut in active form and in sufficient numbers to exert health benefits. These benefits include fighting gastrointestinal infections, antimicrobial activity, improving lactose metabolism, lowering cholesterol, boosting the immune system, antimutagenic, anticancer, antidiarrheal properties, reducing intestinal inflammation and suppressing Helicobacter pylori infection by selecting food products.
Probiotic foods are foods that contain microorganisms in sufficient numbers to produce probiotic effects when these foods are ingested. The most popular probiotic foods are fermented dairy products (fermented or acidophilic milk, yogurt, kefir, probiotic dairy drinks), fermented vegetable products (pickles, sauerkraut), kombucha tea (fermented sweet black tea), miso pasta soup obtained from beans of fermented soybeans and barley or rice, tempeh (fermented soybeans), fresh bread, some soft cheeses.
Probiotic dairy products
Probiotic dairy products are foods produced from milk with lactic bacteria of intestinal origin that are species of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium , for example L. acidophilus , L. GG ( L. casei subsp. Rhamnosus ), B. bifidum , B. infantis , B. breve , B. thermophilum , B. adolescentis , B. longum , B. pseudolongum , B. suis , B. coryneforms , B. asteroides , B. indicum , B. lactis. L. acidophilus is frequently found in the lower small intestine, but also in the large intestine, while bifidobacterium ( Bifidobacterium spp.) Is present mainly in the large intestine.