Raising sheep in our country has a centuries-old tradition. This species makes the best use of pastures and hayfields, much of which is in the mountain area. This is the reason, along with the diversified production, which makes sheep breeding a very diversified branch of animal husbandry, carried out in two distinct seasonal stages: green grazing and stables.
Preliminary staging stages associated with sheep welfare
In breeders, sheep are raised in winter in special shelters, except for the declining number of transhumant breeders. The size of the flocks is determined according to the surface of the pastures and the amount of green mass obtained on these pastures. In the conditions of our country, sheep can graze for up to 6-7 months a year.
The staging period generally lasts from November 1 to April 15, but is variable, depending on race and area; 90-120 days for rustic breeds (turkey, duck, frying pan, etc.), raised in the lowland area and about 150-160 days for sheep raised in the hill area, as well as for fine wool sheep in the lowland area. Sheep farmers in the mountain area use the system of housing sheep in wooden constructions, called “rooms”.
Before entering the stable, on days with good weather, when the temperature exceeds 16 degrees Celsius, the sheep are bathed with solutions of antiparasitic substances heated to 30-35 degrees, the baths being performed twice, at an interval of 7-9 days. . Deworming can also be done by injecting ivermectin solution, approx. 1 ml at 50 kg weight, twice at the same time.
In savannahs, before entering the stable, it is mandatory that these shelters be cleaned of garbage and then disinfected. The walls are disinfected with lime milk, and the floor with warm caustic soda solution 3% or with other disinfectants existing in veterinary pharmacies. After disinfecting the floor, apply a thin layer of quicklime, then cover with a thick layer of straw.
Preferably, between November 20 and December 15, sheep are vaccinated against 8 anaerobes (including Tetanus), with a booster after 4-6 weeks, in previously unvaccinated animals. Vaccination against contagious ovine agalaxis (white rash) with Agalaxin Romvac (followed by booster after 15 days in previously unvaccinated animals), 1 ml / subcutaneous animal, regardless of the size of the animal, is recommended between 15 December and 15 January. Between 1 and 15 January, vaccination against gangrenous mastitis (black scab) with Agalaxin Forte (vaccine against both forms of scab) is applied.
In the shelter prepared for the winter stable, the observance of the minimum welfare conditions ensures the health of the animals, which represents the foundation of the efficient technologies of growth and production. At the same time, animal welfare is an important part of the legislation on animal protection and behavior.